Toyama RyuToyama Ryu Batto Do
Japanese Swordsmanship

Following the path of the Samurai
animo@toyama-ryu.com



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Martial Arts Terms (T)

This Dictionary of Japanese Martial Arts Terms is intended to further the understanding of Students.  If you wish to contribute additional terms please email us and animo@toyama-ryu.com.

RōmajiKanjiDescription
Ta tsu No Teki多数の敵Great number of enemies
Tabi足袋Split toe socks, Formal soft footwear for inside the dojo
Tachi太刀Longsword, worn hung from the belt with the cutting edge down. Japanese long sword between the 8th an 15th century, worn edge down
Tachi立ちStanding, stance. ( dachi)
Tachidori太刀取Sword takeaways.
Tachifutakoshi太刀二腰Two swords
Tachikaze太刀風'Sword wind,' sound or focus of cut
Tachimochi太刀持ち; 太刀持Sword-bearer (subordinate whose job it is to hold their master's sword);
Tachirei立礼Standing bow with the sword
Tachisabaki太刀捌きSwordplay; swordsmanship
Tachisuji太刀筋Swordsmanship
Tachiuchi太刀打ちCrossing swords; opposition; contention
Tachiwaza立技Standing techniques.
Tagaini Rei互いに礼Bow to each other
TaiBody. (karada)
Tai Atari体当たりHit with the body, body contact.
Tai No Sen待の先Take initiative after the attack.
Tai Otoshi体落Body drop, a throwing technique.
Tai Sabaki体捌Body movement (while turning)
Taikai大会Marital arts competition and demonstrations
Taiken帯剣Wearing a sword; armed with a sword
Taisō体操Warm up exercises.
Takemitsu竹光Bamboo sword
Takeyari竹槍Bamboo spear
Tameshigiri試し斬り; 試し切りCutting test
Tan Seki Den旦夕伝'Forge in the morning, polish in the evening,' hard training
Tanbō短棒2 foot staff. (tambo)
Tanden丹田Red field, the centre in the abdomen, Lower abdomen
Tani Otoshi谷落Valley drop.
Taninzu Gake多人数掛けMultiple attackers.
Tanto短刀Dagger or knife with blade less than 12 inches
Tantō Dori短刀取Knife takeaways.
TatamiA floor mat, originally made of rice straw.
Tatami Omote畳表Replaceable tatami mat cover used for tameshigiri
TateUpright, vertical
Tate殺陣Sword battle
Tate Ichi Mon Ji縦一文字Vertical line
Tate Kudasai縦下さいStand upright please
Tategiri縦斬りStanding, stable cut
Tateha縦刃Drawing with cutting edge upwards
Tatehiza立て膝Sitting with one knee drawn up
Tatenoto縦納刀Noto with cutting edge upwards
Tateshi殺陣師Man who teaches actors or actresses how to use swords
Tawara Gaeshi俵返しRice bale reversal.
TeHand
Te No Uchi手の内Palm; skill; scope of one's power; one's intention
Te Waza手技Hand throws.
Tegumi手組Short two person composites that teach the ABC's of self defense.
Teito Shisei体歩低頭Left hand on sword in obi, thumb on tsuba, tsuba on centreline
Teki(1)Enemy, rival (2) Oponent
Tekubi手首; 手頸Wrist
Tekubi Osae手首押えWrist pin. (yonkyo)
TenSky, heaven, god, celestial.
Tenchi Nage天地投Heaven and earth throw.
Tengu天狗Creatures of Japanese folklore.
Tenkan転換Pivot turn.
Tensei転生In buddhism: transmigration of souls, reincarnation. (tensho)
Tenshō転掌Rolling or fluid hand, rotating palms.
Tessen鉄扇Iron fan, war fan.
Tessen Jutsu鉄扇術A martial art.
Tetsubou鉄帽Helmet
Tetsukabuto鉄兜; 鉄かぶとSteel helmet
Curved, one edged sword
Todome留めFinishing blow, clincher, coup de grace.
Togimonoshi研ぎ物師Sharpener (of swords) and polisher (of mirrors)
Togishi研ぎ師Sharpener (of swords) and polisher (of mirrors)
Tōhai刀背Back of a sword
Tōjutsu刀術Fencing; art of wielding swords
Tōka刀架Sword rack
Tōken刀剣Swords; cold steel
Tōken Shō刀剣商 Sword dealer
Tōkō刀工Swordsmith
Tōkyō東京Capital of Japan.
Tomoe Nage巴投Circle throw, stomach throw.
Tōrei刀礼Sword salute
Tori取りThe person applying the technique, Attacking side of a technique
Torifune鳥船Bird rowing misogi exercise. (funakogi funekogi)
Tōshin刀身; 刀刃The whole of the sword, sword blade.
To-shiya通し矢Long-range archery
Tōshō刀匠Swordsmith
Tōshō刀傷Sword cut
Tōwo-biri刀を帯びるTo wear a sword
To-ya遠矢Long-distance arrow (archery)
Toyama Ryu戸山流Sword Style
TsubaThe hand guard between the hilt and the blade.
Tsubame Gaeshi燕返Swallow's flight reversal.
Tsubamoto鍔元Part of blade near tsuba
Tsubazeriai鍔迫り合い(1) locking sword to sword (in a duel) and pushing; (2) group of close competitors; fierce competition
Tsugi Ashi次足Rear foot to front foot, then advance with front foot.
Tsujigiri辻斬りKilling a passerby in order to test a new sword
TsukaSword handle, lever, knob, authority.
Tsukaito柄糸Handle wrapping or tape
Tsukamaki柄巻The wrapping on the hilt, usually silk.
Tsuki突きThrust, suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly, punch.
Tsuki No Kokoro月の心Mind like the moon. (zanshin)
Tsukuri作りMake, produce, prepare.
Tsumasaki爪先Tips of the toes
Tsume詰めStuffing, packing, checkmate, appointment.
Tsunokabuto角兜Spiked helmet
Tsuri Goshi釣腰Lifting hip throw.
Tsuri Komi Goshi釣込腰Lifting drawing hip throw.
Tsurugi長剣Any type of broadsword. (kusanagi no tsurugi)
Tsurugiwonuki剣を抜くTo draw a sword
TsuwamonoAn old term for a soldier.

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