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Japanese Swordsmanship

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Martial Arts Terms (H)

This Dictionary of Japanese Martial Arts Terms is intended to further the understanding of Students.  If you wish to contribute additional terms please email us and animo@toyama-ryu.com.

RōmajiKanjiDescription
HaCutting edge of a sword, edged tool, cutlery, blade, knife edge.
Ha Machi刃区 Notch at the beginning of the cutting edge
Ha Saki刃先 The extreme point of the edge.
HabakiBlade collar at the base of the blade ensures a snug fit with the scabbard.
HachiEight, 8.
Hachi Dan八段Eighth degree black belt.
HadaGrain in steel, pattern of folding the steel
Hadagi膚着Under garment
Hadaka Jime裸絞Naked Strangle.
HaiはいOkay
HaiWear; put on (sword)
Haiken佩剣Wearing a sword
Haiku俳句Haiku poetry, 17 syllable poem usually in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables.
Haitō背刀(1) Ridge hand (2) Carrying a sword
Haitōrei廃刀令Sword prohibition
Hajime始めStart.
HakamaPleated divided skirt/pants
Hakuhei白兵Unsheathed sword
hakujin白刃Drawn sword; naked sword
Hakujinissen白刃一閃(with) a flash of a drawn sword
Hamachi刃区, 刃関Notch at the beginning of the cutting edge
Hammi半身Posture with one foot in front, back foot lightly turned
Hamon刃文, 刃紋Temper pattern along blade edge. The border of the ha (the tempered cutting area at the edge) and hara ji.
HanExample
Hanbō半棒Three foot staff.
Hane Goshi跳腰Spring hip throw.
Hane Maki Komi跳巻込Spring wrap around throw.
Hanmi半身Half stance, ready position with one foot forward.
Hanshi範士Master teaching license in kyudo, kendo and butokukai. (renshi kyoshi hanshi)
Hansoku反則Penalty, against the rules.
Hansoku Make反則負けLoosing on hansoku.
Hantai反対Opposite, other site, other direction.
Hantei判定 "Judgment" or "decision." A command by the referee to the judges to choose the winner of a match when neither contestant has scored or if the score is tied.
Hanzenkutsu Dachi半前屈立Half forward stance.
Haori羽織Over jacket
HaraStomach, belly, abdomen.
Hara Gei腹芸Focusing one's energy in the hara, enhanced perception.
Hara Kiri腹切りRitual suicide.
HaraiShake off, brush away. ( barai)
Harai Goshi払腰Sweeping hip throw.
Harai Maki Komi払巻込Sweeping wraparound.
Harai Tsuri Komi Ashi払釣込足Lifting pulling foot sweep.
Hasaki刃先The extreme point of the edge, Cutting edge
Hassō No Kamae八双の構え or 八相の構えGuard posture with left foot forward, sword above right shoulder
Hasuji刃筋 “edge line” Quality of the sword angle as judged by the sound of the Ha/Hi.
Hattō抜刀Drawing a sword, drawn sword.
Hawatari刃渡り; 刃渡Length of a (sword) blade; walking on the edge of a sword;
Hayaku早くQuick, fast
Heiho兵法Methods of strategy
Heijin兵刃Sword blade
Heijoshin平常Normal state of mind, without distractions
Heiko併行Parallel
Heiko Dachi平行立Parallel stance.
Heisoku Dachi閉足立Closed foot stance, attension.
Henka変化Change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation.
Henkawaza変化技Alternative interpretation of a technique
HeraTab inside rear of hakama
HesakiThe tip of a spear; the edge at the very tip of a sword
HiGrooves in the blade
Hi樋 [とい]Grooves in the blade
Hidari Left or left side.
Hidari Jōdan No Kamae左上段の構えLeft foot forward Jōdan
Hidari Kesa 左袈裟 Downward diagonal cut going to the left
Hidari Kesagiri左袈裟斬りKill with diagonal cut to the left
Hidari Migi Mae No Teki 左右前の敵Enemies left, right, and front
Hidari Migi No Teki左右の敵Enemies left and right
Hidari No Teki左の敵Enemy to the left
HijiElbow.
Hiji Ate肘当てElbow strike.
Hiji Dori肘取Elbow grab.
Hiji Kime Nage肘決め投げFixed elbow throw.
HikiTo pull, draw out, attract, to stretch.
Hiki Komi Gaeshi引込返Pulling in reversal.
Hikitaosu引き倒すPulling down
Himitsukessha秘密結社Secret society
HimoCord, lace
Hineri捻りPinch, twist.
Hiodoshi緋縅しScarlet-threaded suit of armor (armour)
Hiodoshiyoroi緋縅し鎧Scarlet-threaded suit of armor (armour)
HiraFace of blade from shinogi to ha
Hira Ji平地The curved surface between the hamon and the shinogi.
Hira Shuriken平手裏剣Flat throwing blades, usually star shaped
Hiragana平仮名A Japanese writing system.
Hiraji平地The curved surface between the hamon and the shinogi.
Hiraken Zuki平拳突きFlat fist punch.
Hiraki Ashi開き足Footwork used when avoiding a strike or responding. Rear foot moves to front under new angle, front foot becomes rear foot
HisakiThe tip of a spear; the edge at the very tip of a sword
Hitori一人One person.
Hitotachi一太刀Stroke of sword
HizaKnee
Hiza Guruma膝車Knee wheel.
Point of a sword
Hōken宝剣Treasured sword
Hombu本部Headquarter. (honbu)
HonRoot, origin, source, basis, book.
Hon Me本目Counter used for kata. (ippon me, nihon me...)
Honoki朴ノ木Magnolia wood used for saya and tsuka
Honte本手One's true ability, the right way, a professional.
Hontō本当Truth, reality.
Horimono彫り物Carvings on sword blades
Hōtō宝刀Treasured sword
HyakuHundred, 100.
Hyōshi拍子Timing, time, tempo, beat, rhythm, chance.

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