Konjaku Kioi Toyama Ryu Dojo Toyama Ryu Batto Do
Konjaku Kioi Dojo
(Ancient and Modern Fighting Spirit Dojo)
5980 66th St N Suite M
St Petersburg FL 33709
Email: info@toyama-ryu.com
Phone: 727-329-9679
Yari (Spear)

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Japanese Sword Dictionary 

This is a brief dictionary of Japanese terms used in class

Tenmangu Shrine

Sword Terms

Rōmaji

Kanji

Description

Bōhi

棒樋 [ぼうとい]

Large or wide groove in a sword blade

Bokken

木剣 [ぼっけん]

Wooden practice sword

Bokutō

木刀 [ぼくとう]

Wooden practice sword

Bōshi

帽子, 鋩子 [ぼうし]

Temper line in kissaki

Bu

分 [ぶ]

Japanese measurement (approx 0.12 inch)

Chōji

丁子 [ちょうじ]

Oil for the care of swords

Chokutō

直刀 [ちょくとう]

Very early straight single edged (sometimes with second partial edge) straight sword.

Chu-

中 [ちゅう]

Medium

Dai

大 [だい]

Great or large

Daishō

大小 [だいしょう]

A traditional matched pair of long and short swords

Daitō

大刀 [たいとう]

Long sword over 2 feet long

Dōtanuki

同田貫, 胴田貫 [どうたぬき]

Battle sword similar to a katana with a very thick blade.

Fuchi

縁[ふち]

Collar on the handle next the the seppa with the tsuba.

Fuchi Kashira

縁頭 [ふち かしら]

Set of hilt collar (fuchi) and buttcap (kashira)

Fukura

フクラ (ふくら)

The fine edge line of the kissaki.

Guntō

軍刀 [ぐんとう]

Army or military sword

Ha

刃 [は]

Cutting edge of a sword

Hasaki

刃先 [はさき]

The extreme point of the edge.

Habaki

鎺 [はばき]

Blade collar at the base of the blade ensures a snug fit with the scabbard.

Hada

肌[はだ]

Grain in steel, pattern of folding the steel

Hakama

袴 [はかま]

Pleated divided skirt/pants

Hamachi

刃区, 刃関 [はまち]

Notch at the beginning of the cutting edge

Hamon

刃文, 刃紋 [はもん]

Temper pattern along blade edge. The border of the ha (the tempered cutting area at the edge) and hara ji.

Hasaki

刃先 [はさき]

Cutting Edge

Hasuji

刃筋 [はすじ]

Proper sword angle while cutting

Hi

樋 [とい]

Grooves in the blade

Hiraji

平地 [ひらち]

The curved surface between the hamon and the shinogi.

Honoki

朴ノ木 [ほおのき]

Magnolia wood used for saya and tsuka

Horimono

彫り物 [ほりもの]

Carvings on sword blades

Iaito

居合刀 [いあいと]

Unsharpened practice sword

Iori

庵 [いおり]

The top line of the mune.

Ito

絃 [いと]

Silk or cotton hilt wrapping cord

Ji

地, 平地[ち]

Sword surface between the shinogi and the hamon

Jihada

地肌 [じはだ]

Surface pattern of the hada

Kami

上 [かみ]

The blade, the part that fits into the saya.

Kasane

重ね [かさね]

Thickness of the blade

Kashira

頭 [かしら]

Sword pommel or buttcap

Katana

刀 [かたな]

Sword worn in the obi, cutting edge up

Katana Kake

刀懸け [かたなかけ]

Sword rack

Keikogi

稽古着 [けいこぎ]

Training uniform top

Ken

剣 [けん]

Sword usually refers to double edged sword

Kissaki

鋒. 切先 [きっさき]

Point of blade

Kodachi

小太刀 [こだち]

Short sword

Kogai

笄 [こがい]

Hair pick accessory

Koiguchi

鯉口 [こいぐち]

The mouth of the scabbard or its fitting

Kojiri

鐺 [こじり]

End of the scabbard

Koshinogi

小鎬 [こしのぎ]

The extension of the shinogi at the tip.

Koshirae

拵え, 外装 [こしらえ]

Sword mountings

Kozuka

小柄 [こづか]

Accessory knife

Kubikiri

首切り; 首斬り [くびきり]

1) decapitation; beheading; 2) small samurai sword used for decapitation

Kurigata

栗形 [くりかた]

Knob at on the saya that the sageo cord goes through

Machi

区 [まち]

The notches that divide kami from nakago. Edge side = ha machi; back side = mune machi.

Mei

銘 [めい]

Swordsmith's signature

Mekugi

目釘 [めくぎ]

Sword peg

Mekugiana

目釘穴 [めくぎあな]

Hole for mekugi in the tang and hilt

Mekuginuki

目釘抜き [めくぎぬき]

Tool used to remove mekuki

Menuki

目貫 [めぬき]

Hilt ornaments

Mihaba

身幅 [みはば]

Width of blade from ha to mune

Mimi

耳 [みみ]

Literally "ear". The rim of the tsuba.

Mitsukado

三つ角, 三角 [みつかど]

Point where yokote, shinogi and ko shinogi meet

Mon

紋 [もん]

Family crest

Monouchi

物打 [ものうち]

Main cutting portion of blade

Motohaba

元幅

Width at base of blade

Motokasane

元重

Thickness at base of blade

Mumei

無銘 [むめい]

Unsigned

Mune

棟 [みね]

Back ridge of sword blade

Mune Saki

棟先 [みねさき]

The point of the mune at the kissaki.

Munemachi

棟区, 棟関 [むねまち]

Notch at start of mune

Nagasa

長さ [ながさ]

Blade length (from tip of kissaki to munemachi)

Nakago

中心, 茎 [なかご]

Sword tang

Nakagoana

中心穴, 茎穴 [なかごあな]

The hole in the center of the guard that passes over the tang of the sword.

Nakagojiri

中心先, 茎尻, 中心尻 [なかごじり]

The tip of the tang.

Nihontō

日本刀 [にほんとう]

Japanese sword

Niku

肉 [にく]

Meat (blade having lots of fullness)

Nodachi

野太刀 [のだち]

Very long tachi worn on back

Nuguigami

拭紙 [ぬぐいかみ]

Special paper used to clean swords

O

大 [おお]

Large

Obi

帯 [おび]

Belt sash

O Dachi

大太刀 [おおたち]

Extended length tachi

Oroshi

おろし

The slope from the iori to the corner of the mune.

Sageo

下緒 (さげお)

Cord used for tying the saya to the obi

Sakihaba

先幅

Width at tip of blade

Saki Haba

先幅[さきはば]

Blade width at yokote

Sakikasane

先重

Thickness at tip of blade

Same'

鮫 [さめ]

Rayskin used for tsuka (handle) covering

Samegawa

鮫皮 [さめがわ]

Ray skin wrapping on the hilt.

Saya

鞘 [さや]

Sword scabbard

Sayaguchi

鞘口 [さやくち]

Mouth of the scabbard (koi guchi)

Seppa

切羽 [せっぱ]

Washers or spacers between tsuka and tsuba, and tsuba and habaki.

Shaku

尺 [しゃく]

Japanese unit of measure approximately one foot

Shinai

竹刀 [しない]

Bamboo sword used in Kendo

Shinken

真剣 [しんけん]

Real sword

Shinogi

鎬 [しのぎ]

The ridge line between the edge and the back.

Shinogiji

鎬地 [しのぎち]

Sword flat between the mune and shinogi

Shirasaya

白鞘 [しらきさや]

Plain wood storage scabbard

Shōtō

小刀 [しょうとう]

Wooden wakizashi training sword

Sori

反り [そり]

Curvature

Suburitō

素振り刀 [すぶりとう]

Heavy wooden sword

Sun

寸 [すん]

Japanese measure, approximately 1.12 inch

Susudake

すす竹 [すすたけ]

Seasoned smoked bamboo used for mekugi pins

Tachi

太刀 [たち]

Long sword worn with cutting edge down

Tameshigiri

試し斬り [ためしぎり]

Cutting test

Tantō

短刀 [たんとう]

Dagger or knife with blade less than 12 inches

Tatami

畳 [たたみ]

Traditional Japanese straw floor mats

Tatami Omote

畳表 [たたみ おもて]

Replaceable tatami mat cover used for tameshigiri

Tōshin

刀身 [とうしん]

The whole of the sword.

Tsuba

鍔 [つば]

The hand guard between the hilt and the blade.

Tsuka

柄 [つか]

Sword handle

Tsukaito

柄糸[つかいと]

Handle wrapping or tape

Tsukamaki

柄巻 [つかまき]

The wrapping on the hilt, usually silk.

Uchiko

打粉 [うちこ]

Fine powder used to clean sword blades

Udenukiana

腕貫穴 [うでぬきあな]

The two holes in the tsuba through which the sageo may be passed.

Wakizashi

脇差 [わきざし]

Short sword (blade between 12 and 24 inches)

Yasurimei

鑢銘[やすりめい ]

Distinctive file marks on nakago

Yokote

横手 [よこて]

The line at right angles to the edge, dividing the kissaki from the under part.

Copyright 2006 by Konjaku Kioi Toyama Ryu Dojo, All rights reserved.

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